How to Access Files In Hadoop Hdfs?

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To access files in Hadoop HDFS, you can use various commands such as hadoop fs -ls to list the files in the HDFS directory, hadoop fs -mkdir to create a new directory in the HDFS, hadoop fs -copyFromLocal to copy files from your local file system to the HDFS, hadoop fs -cat to view the contents of a file in the HDFS, and hadoop fs -get to download a file from the HDFS to your local file system. Additionally, you can use the Hadoop File System API to interact with the HDFS programmatically.

What is the data locality in Hadoop HDFS?

Data locality in Hadoop HDFS refers to the principle of moving computation closer to the data rather than moving data to computation. This means that when a job is executed on a Hadoop cluster, the computation is performed as close to the data as possible, minimizing the amount of data that needs to be transferred over the network.

Hadoop achieves data locality by storing data in blocks across the nodes of the cluster, and then scheduling tasks to run on the nodes that already have the data blocks needed for processing. This helps to reduce the network traffic and improve the overall performance of the system.

By maximizing data locality, Hadoop can efficiently process large volumes of data by distributing the workload across multiple nodes in the cluster, leading to faster processing times and improved scalability.

How to access files in Hadoop HDFS?

There are several ways to access files in Hadoop HDFS:

  1. Hadoop Command Line Interface (CLI): You can use the Hadoop CLI commands to interact with HDFS. Some commonly used commands include hadoop fs -ls, hadoop fs -cat, hadoop fs -cp, hadoop fs -put, and hadoop fs -get.
  2. Hadoop File System API: You can write Java applications using the Hadoop File System API to access files in HDFS. This API provides classes and methods to read, write, and manipulate files in HDFS.
  3. WebHDFS REST API: Hadoop provides a WebHDFS REST API that allows you to access HDFS using HTTP methods. You can use tools like cURL or Postman to make HTTP requests to the WebHDFS API endpoints to interact with HDFS.
  4. Apache Hadoop Distributed File System Shell: Hadoop also provides a shell utility called hdfs dfs that allows you to interact with HDFS using shell commands. You can use commands like hdfs dfs -ls, hdfs dfs -cat, hdfs dfs -put, and hdfs dfs -get to access files in HDFS.
  5. Third-party tools: There are various third-party tools and libraries available that can help you access files in Hadoop HDFS. Some popular tools include Apache NiFi, Apache Pig, Apache Hive, and Apache Spark. These tools provide high-level abstractions and APIs to access and process data in HDFS.

How to delete files in Hadoop HDFS?

To delete files in Hadoop HDFS, you can use the following command:

hadoop fs -rmr /path/to/file

Replace /path/to/file with the actual path of the file you want to delete. This command will remove the specified file from the HDFS filesystem.

Additionally, you can also use the below command to delete a directory and all its contents:

hadoop fs -rmr /path/to/directory

Make sure to be careful while using these commands, as they will permanently delete the files and directories from the Hadoop HDFS filesystem.

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